Incisors - Front teeth, just inside the lips, used to grasp, nip and pull grass.
Canines - These teeth are tall, sharp teeth behind the incisors. They are primarily found in the male horse.
Wolf teeth -These are rudimentary(teeth that do not assume normal maturity)teeth found in front of the first large cheek teeth.(Usually the top jaw). They are commonly extracted so as not to interfere with the bit.
Premolars - First three sets of large cheek teeth, top and bottom jaws, used for grinding. There is a full deciduous set followed by a full permanent set.
Molars - Second three sets of large cheek teeth, top and bottom jaws, used for grinding. There are no deciduous molars, they erupt as permanent teeth.
Deciduous - "Baby" teeth. They are replaced by permanent teeth.
Permanent - "Adult" teeth. They are intended to remain for the horse's life.
Arcade - Refers to a row of teeth (i.e. there are four arcades of cheek teeth and two arcades of incisors).
Occlusion - The contact points of opposing teeth; occlusal surface refers to the chewing or biting surfaces.
Malocclusion - Abnormal contact between opposing teeth.
"In Wear" - The point in time when opposing teeth have reached sufficient height above the gumline to grind against one another.
Eruption - The movement of the tooth crown out from the bone of the jaw into the mouth.
Shedding caps - The loss of expired baby teeth as the new permanent teeth erupt to take their place.
Cheek teeth - A general term used to indicate all the grinding teeth, the premolars and molars.
Crown - The portion of the tooth that gradually erupts into the mouth and is used for grinding, not the root.
Mastication - The act of chewing or grinding food.
Cap - Horseman's term for a baby tooth as it sits in place on the permanent tooth ready to erupt.
Floating - The rasping or filing of the sharp enamel points that form on the outside (cheek or buccal) of the upper (maxillary) premolars and molars and the inside (tongue or lingual) of the lower (mandibular) premolars and molars.
Hypsodont - Long tooth
Occlusal equilibration - This term includes "floating" or smoothing enamel points, correcting malocclusion, balancing the dental arcades,and correcting other dental problems.